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Statistics
Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany

Renewable power has covered about one third of the German gross electricity demand in the year 2015. Today wind power is the most important renewable power source, followed by biomass and photovoltaics. To keep the 1.5 degree climate protection limit the increase of the renewable power generation is still too low.

Until beginning of the 1990s only one renewable energy source for electricity generation was relevant: hydro power. At the beginning of the twentieth century the hydroelectricity share of electricity generation was much more than 20 percent. Due to a significant rise of the electricity demand, this share has been reduced drastically although new hydro power stations have been built. After mid of the 1990s wind power has got a significant share of the electricity supply. In 2004 it produced more electricity than hydro power and is now clearly the number one. In 2007 electricity generation from biomass is on the second place before hydro power. The following tables and graphic show the renewable electricity generation since 1990.


Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany
Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany

Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany in TWh (bill. kWh)
Year Hydro power 1Onshore wind Offshore wind
201519.577.98.1
201419.655.91.4
201322.99850.8030.905
201222.09149.9480.722
201117.67148.3150.568
201020.95337.6190.174
200919.03138.610.038
200820.44340.5740
200721.1739.7130
200620.00830.710
200519.63827.2290
200420.09525.5090
200317.72218.7130
200223.12415.7860
200122.73310.5090
200021.7329.5130
199919.6475.5280
199817.2164.4890
199717.3572.9660
199621.9572.0320
199521.781.50
199419.930.9090
199317.8780.60
199217.3970.2750
199114.8910.10
199017.4260.0710
Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany in TWh (bill. kWh)
Year Biomass 2Photo­voltaics Geo­thermal
201549.938.50.1
201449.436.10.11
201346.57131.010.08
201244.63326.380.025
201137.60319.5990.019
201034.30711.7290.028
200930.5786.5830.019
200827.7924.420.018
200724.3633.0750.0004
200618.72.220.0004
200514.3541.2820.0002
200410.4710.5570.0002
20038.8410.3130
20026.0480.1620
20015.2140.0760
20004.7310.060
19993.5850.030
19983.2560.0350
19972.2730.0180
19962.0980.0120
19952.010.0070
19941.8750.0070
19931.6350.0030
19921.5580.0040
19911.4710.0010
19901.4350.0010
1 Hydroelectricity: incl. pumped storage with natural influx
2 incl. 50% biomass share of waste
sources: BMU, BMWi, BEE, AGEB, BDEW
Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany in TWh (bill. kWh)
YearTotal renewableGross consump­tionRenewables share
2015194.0597.032.5%
2014162.5592.227.4%
2013152.37599.425.4%
2012143.80606.823.7%
2011123.78606.820.4%
2010104.81615.317.0%
200994.86593.216.0%
200893.25621.615.0%
200788.32616.214.3%
200671.64612.511.7%
200562.50611.210.2%
200456.63618.69.2%
200345.59615.97.4%
200245.12586.77.7%
200138.53580.56.6%
200036.04576.46.3%
199928.79557.35.2%
199825.00556.74.5%
199722.61549.94.1%
199626.10547.44.8%
199525.30541.64.7%
199422.72530.84.3%
199320.12527.93.8%
199219.23532.83.6%
199116.46539.63.1%
199018.93550.73.4%
sources: DIW, VDEW, BMU, BMWi, AGEB, BDEW

© 12/2015 Volker Quaschning

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