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Renewable Electricity Generation in Germany

Until beginning of the 1990s only one renewable energy source for electricity generation was relevant: hydro power. At the beginning of the twentieth century the hydroelectricity share of electricity generation was much more than 20 percent. Due to a significant rise of the electricity demand, this share has been reduced drastically although new hydro power stations have been built. After mide of the 1990s wind power has got a significant share of the electricity supply. In 2004 it produced more electricity than hydro power and is now clearly the number one. In 2007 electricity generation from biomass is on the second place before hydro power. The following tables and graphic show the renewable electricity generation since 1990.



Renewable Electricty Generation in Germany

Renewable Electricty Generation in Germany


Renewable electricity generation in Germany in GWh (million kWh)
Year  Hydro power 1 Onshore wind  Offshore wind  Biomass   Photovoltaics  Geothermics 
2013 21 200 48 800 1 000 47 800 29 300  
2012 21 793 49 948 722 43 350 26 380 25
2011 17 671 48 315 568 37 603 19 559 19
2010 20 953 37 619 174 34 307 11 729 28
2009 19 100 38 600 38 30 400 6 600 19
2008 21 800 40 300   28 700 4 300 18
2007 20 700 39 500   23 800 3 500 0.4
2006 19 871 30 710   17 627 2 220 0.4
2005 21 524 27 229   13 534 1 282 0.2
2004 21 000 25 509   10 463 557 0.2
2003 20 350 18 859   9 132 313 0
2002 23 824 15 786   5 962 188 0
2001 23 383 10 509   5 065 116 0
2000 24 936 7 550   4 129 64 0
1999 21 300 5 528   3 641 42 0
1998 19 000 4 489   3 392 32 0
1997 19 000 3 000   2 479 26 0
1996 18 800 2 200   2 203 16 0
1995 21 600 1 800   2 020 11 0
1994 20 200 940   1 870 8 0
1993 19 000 670   1 570 6 0
1992 18 600 230   1 545 3 0
1991 15 900 140   1 450 2 0
1990 17 000 40   1 422 1 0
1 Hydroelectricity: incl. pumped storage with natural influx
Source: BMU, BEE, AGEB

Year Total
Renewables
Gross consumtion Renewables
share
2013 147 100 596 000 24.7 %
2012 142 393 606 700 23.5 %
2011 123 716 606 800 20.4 %
2010 104 782 615 300 17.0 %
2009 96 700 593 200 16.0 %
2008 95 100 621 600 15.3 %
2007 87 500 616 200 14.2 %
2006 70 428 612 500 11.5 %
2005 63 359 611 200 10.4 %
2004 57 529 618 600 9.3 %
2003 48 654 615 900 7.9 %
2002 45 760 586 700 7.8 %
2001 39 073 580 500 6.7 %
2000 35 679 576 400 6.2 %
1999 29 511 557 300 5.3 %
1998 26 913 556 700 4.8 %
1997 24 505 549 900 4.5 %
1996 23 219 547 400 4.2 %
1995 25 431 541 600 4.7 %
1994 23 018 530 800 4.3 %
1993 21 246 527 900 4.0 %
1992 20 378 532 800 3.8 %
1991 17 492 539 600 3.2 %
1990 18 463 550 700 3.4 %
Sources: DIW, VDEW, BMU, AGEB

© 01/2013 by Volker Quaschning


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